Knitting yarn is a large continuous length of woven interlinked fibres, usually intended for use in the making of knitting, crocheting (in which interlacing is considered the important factor), weaving, roping, embroidery or carpentry. It can be manufactured from natural (gravel, wool, or other) or synthetic (such as man-made fiber). The word “yarn” comes from the Old French word renna, which means “thread”. Yarn can be classified according to the kinds of fibres used (e.g., knitting yarn comprises of various types of merino wool yarn); the way the fibres are woven together (i.e., flat weave, knotted, twisted, etc. ); and the colour of the yarn.
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Needle is a kind of woven yarn used in knitting that enables the knitter to make circular shapes with the fingers. Needles have three basic types: short, long, and double-pointed. Long needles are usually preferred by most knitting loom makers and skilled knitters because they provide more control over the pattern. The most commonly used knitting yarns are the British knitting yarns i.e., merino wool, and silk, cotton, and polyester blends. Although there are many other kinds of knitting yarn available in the market, these two yarns are the most popular.
Elasticity refers to the property of stretchability, and is measured by the yarn’s capacity to stretch to a particular gauge. There are basically two kinds of elasticity i.e., constant elasticity or variable elasticity. In constant elasticity, the yarn will maintain its shape after being stretched, while variable elasticity tends to diminish with each subsequent knitted repetition. Knitting yarns with constant elasticity are called static, while those with variable elasticity are known as increasing yarns. The needle should never touch the fabric during knitting as it can damage the fabric.